Endogenous growth and economic capacity: Theory and empirical evidence for the NAFTA countries

Ignacio Perrotini-Hernàndez, Juan Alberto Vàzquez-Munoz


The paper sheds light on the relevance of economic capacity utilisation, capital accumulation and effective demand for the endogeneity of the natural growth rate with respect to normal, depressive and expansive growth regimes. Apart from contributing to fill this theoretical gap, a new model is developed for estimating the elasticity of the natural growth rate, with a specific focus on Canada, Mexico and the United States, throughout the pre-NAFTA and post-NAFTA periods. It is shown that growth regimes are related to the utilisation of economic capacity, while the elasticities of the expansive and depressive natural rates of growth vis-à-vis the normal rate are related to effective demand. It is also found that the normal, depressive and expansive natural rates of growth decreased since the inception of NAFTA, due to the concomitant decline in the growth rate of economic capacity.



JEL Classification: O47, O51, O54


endogenous growth, empirical studies of economic growth, economic capacity

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.13133/2037-3643_70.282_2


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