Diseguaglianza, conflitto sociale e sindacati in America.(Inequality, Social Conflict and Trade Unions in the USA)

Antonio Lettieri


A comparison of the 2007-08 crisis with that of 1929 showed its extreme gravity, but it also may have implied that the old harmful mistakes would not be repeated. After four years, the crisis has not been solved and it even threatens to worsen. Neo-conservative Republicans claim that this is proof of the failure of Keynesian policies. Yet, there is something structurally distorted in the institutions and policies of American industrial relations. The fall of the ‘social contract’ is the basic element of the crisis of the American social and economic model. In comparison with the crisis of the Thirties and its aftermath, what initially was supposed to possibly evolve toward a new New Deal of the Twenty-first century has evolved just in its opposite.

JEL: G01, E12, B50




Inequality, Globalisation, Labour, Welfare, Trade Unions

Full Text


Riferimenti bibliografici

ALPERT D. (2012), "Consumer Credit Growing at Highest Rate in Past Decade: Unhealthy and Unsustainable?", EconoMonitor, 22 marzo, disponibile alla URL http://www.economonitor.com/danalperts2cents/2012/03/22/consumer-credit-growing-at-highest-rate-in-past-decade-unhealthy-and-unsustainable/.

BELKIN D. (2012), "Recall Bid Fails in Wisconsin", Wall Street Journal, 5 marzo.

BLUESTONE B. e HARRISON B. (1982), The Deindustrialization of America, Basic Books, New York.

CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE (CBO) (2011), "Trends in the Distribution of Household Income Between 1979 and 2007", 25 ottobre, disponibile alla URL http://www.cbo.gov/publication/42729.

D’ANDREA TYSON L. (2011), "Tackling Income Inequality", New York Times, 18 novembre, disponibile alla URL http://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/2011 /11/18/tackling-income-inequality/.

EHRENREICH B. (2001), Nickel and Dimed, Metropolitan Books, New York.

EWING J. (2010), "Germany’s Secrets for a Steadier Job Market", New York Times, 21 aprile, disponibile alla URL http://economix.blogs.nytimes.com/2010 /04/21/ germanys-secrets-for-a-steadier-job-market/.

FREEMAN R. (1994), Working under Different Rules, Russel Sage Foundation, New York.

FRIEDMAN T. (2005), The World Is Flat, Farrar, Straus & Giroux, New York.

GALBRAITH J.K. (1968), Il nuovo Stato industriale, Einaudi, Torino.

GOULD E. (2011), "Health Insurance Premiums Continue to Rise far Faster than Workers’ Earnings and Overall Inflation", Economic Policy Institute, settembre.

GREENHOUSE S. (2012), "More Lockouts as Companies Battle Unions", New York Times, 22 gennaio.

HACKER J. (2008), The Great Risk Shift, Oxford University Press, New York.

HACKER J. e PIERSON P. (2010), Winner-Take-All Politics, Simon & Schuster, New York.

INSTITUT FÜR MAKROÖKONOMIE UND KONJUNKTURFORSCHUNG (IMK) (2012), "Heading for the Wall", disponibile alla URL http://www.boeckler.de/ 36260_38593.htm.

KAISER FAMILY FOUNDATION AND HEALTH RESEARCH & EDUCATION TRUST (2011), Employer Health Benefits 2011 Annual Survey, disponibile alla URL http://ehbs.kff.org/pdf/2011/8225.pdf.

KREGEL J. (2011), "Uscire dalla crisi finanziaria statunitense: la politica domina l’economia nella Nuova Economia Politica", Moneta e Credito, vol. 64, n. 253, pp. 15-30.

KRUGMAN P. (1996), Pop Internationalism, MIT Press, Cambridge (MA).

KUTTNER R. (2010), A Presidency in Peril, Chelsea Green Publishing, Vermont.

LAFER G. (2011), "Will Obama Fix Rigged Union Elections?", The Nation, 21 settembre.

LEE J. (2011), "Generation Limbo: Waiting It out", New York Times, 31 agosto.

LETTIERI A. (2011), "Obama nel labirinto della riforma sanitaria. Una metafora del capitalismo americano", Insight, disponibile alla URL http://www.insightweb.it/ web/content/obama-nel-labirinto-della-riforma-sanitaria-una-metafora-del-capitalismo-americano.

MEYERSON H. (2012), "A Wisconsin Domino Effect?", American Prospect, giugno.

MISHEL L. (2011), "Education is Not the Cure for High Unemployment or for Income Inequality", Economic Policy Institute, 12 gennaio.

MISHEL L. (2012), "Obama’s State of the Union Speech Sends the Right Signals", Economic Policy Institute, 24 gennaio.

MITCHELL J. e JACKSON-RANDALL M. (2012), "Student-Loan Debt Tops $1 Trillion", Wall Street Journal, 22 marzo.

NEW YORK TIMES (NYT) (2012), "The Class of 2012", Editorial, 4 giugno.

NOCERA J. (2012), "Turning our Backs on Unions", New York Times, 4 giugno.

OBAMA B. (2012), Remarks by the President in State of the Union Address, 24 gennaio.

OSTERMAN P., KOCHAN T., LOCKE M. e PIORE M. (2001), Working in America, MIT Press, Cambridge (MA).

RAJAN R. (2010), Fault Lines, Princeton University Press, Princeton (NJ).

RAMPELL C. (2012), "Do College Grads Earn less now than 40 Years ago?", New York Times, 12 gennaio.

REICH R. (1992), The Work of Nations, Vintage Books, New York.

REICH R. (1997), Locked in the Cabinet, Alfred A. Knopf, New York.

REICH R. (2011), Aftershock, The Next Economy & America’s Future, Vintage Books, New York.

REICH R. (2012), "A Diabolical Mix: U.S. Wages and European Austerity", Financial Times, 30 maggio.

RODRIK D. (1997), "Has Globalization Gone too far?", Institute for International Economics, Washington.

ROTHKOPF D. (2008), Superclass, Ferrar, Straus & Giroux, New York.

SAEZ E. (2012), "Striking it Richer: The Evolution of Top Incomes in the United States", disponibile alla URL http://elsa.berkeley.edu/~saez/saez-UStopincomes-2010.pdf.

SASSEN S. (1991), The Global City. New York, London, Tokyo, Princeton University Press, Princeton (NJ); trad. it. Città Globali, Utet, Torino, 1997.

SPENCE M. (2011), "Globalization and Unemployment", Foreign Affairs, luglio/agosto.

ZANDI M. (2009), Financial Shock, Financial Times Press, Upper Saddle River (NJ).


  • Non ci sono refbacks, per ora.

Copyright (c) 2016 Antonio Lettieri

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.


Con il contributo di  

ISSN 2037-3651

Reg. Tribunale di Roma n.377/2009 del 19/11/2009