Iran’s Mediterranean shores

Luca Fortis

Abstract


Khomeini's Islamic revolution has radically transformed the Shia doctrine, with dramatic consequences for the entire Middle-East. Iranian influence has been greatest in the precarious Lebanese and Israelo-Palestinian situations, initially through the charity activities of Hezbollah

and Hamas, the components and historical links of which are analysed in detail. The destabilising effects, internal and international, of Iranian hegemonical ambitions extending to the Mediterranean shores could however produce an inter-Arab common denominator,

stimulating a comprehensive solution for the entire region.

 

La révolution islamique de Khomeini a transformé radicalement la doctrine Shiite, ce qui a entraîné des conséquences dramatiques pour l’ensemble de la région moyen-orientale. L’influence iranienne a été ressentie tout spécialement dans les situations précaires libanaise et

israelo-palestinienne, initialement à travers les fonctions sociales assumées par Hezbollah et Hamas. Les composantes et les liens religieux et historiques de celles-ci sont analysés en detail. Les effets destabilisants, internes et internationaux, dûs aux ambitions hégémoniques iraniennes jusqu’aux rivages de la Méditerranée, pourraient toutefois finalement produire un commun dénominateur inter-arabe, et aider à la poursuite de solutions d’ensemble pour la region moyenorientale.

 

KEY WORDS: Middle-East; Lebanon; Shia doctrine; Hezbollah; Hamas

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