Dna barcoding supports an easier identification of alien plants: the case of the genus Physalis (Solanaceae) in the Iberian Peninsula (Spain)

Alejandro Terrones, Joaquín Moreno, Ana Juan

Abstract


In the present study, two species of the genus Physalis, P. acutifolia and P. angulata, are reported for the frst time as casual aliens for Spain
and, even for Europe, in the case of P. acutifolia. Their identifcation was based on a priori DNA barcoding study to reveal their taxonomic identifcation,
which was followed by a posteriori morphological analysis to support the barcoding identifcation. As many authors have reported, the reduced and even
inexistent information from local or regional Floras makes it diffcult to distinguish those unreported taxa from distant geographical areas. Therefore,
the successfully obtained results would highlight the importance of using an integrative taxonomic approach for further unidentifed alien plant species.
Detailed descriptions of both species and a dichotomous key of the alien taxa of Physalis are provided to facilitate their morphological identifcation.


Keywords


Alien species; European flora; floristic records; genetic markers; morphology; Spain; Solanaceae

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13133/2239-3129/16618

Annali di Botanica is published by the Department of Environmental Biology - University La Sapienza of Rome, Italy. The journal is printed by Sapienza Università Editrice – Sapienza Università di Roma.

ISSN 0365-0812 (print)

ISSN 2239-3129 (online)