Editorial Policies

Focus and Scope

ORGANISMS is an open access, peer-reviewed, online journal publishing articles of the highest quality pertaining to the fields of basic, translational, theoretical and clinical  research. Topics of interest include but are not limited to the following areas:

  • Complexity in biology
  • Carcinogenesis
  • Theory of biological organization
  • Biophysics
  • Mathematical and computational approaches in biology and medicine
  • Developmental processes
  • Degenerative diseases

 

Section Policies

Editorial

Editorial submission pertain to the responsibility of the Editor and associated Editors. In some case, selected scientists may be asked to contribute in writing the Editorial.

Article length: 4000 words or fewer.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Letters

The section would include letters to the Editor as well as short reply to previously published papers in ORGANISMS.

Abstract length: Do not require abstracts.

Article length: 3000 words or fewer.

Maximum 10 References

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

News in Focus

Editorial submission pertain to the responsibility of the Editor and associated Editors.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Commentaries

It is opinion pieces consisting of a main point and supporting discussion. These contributions usually pertain to a specific article, published in Organisms or elsewhere.

Abstract length: Do not require abstracts.

Article length: 3000 words or fewer.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Hypotheses and Opinions

It should present an untested original hypothesis backed up solely by a survey of previously published results rather than any new evidence.

Abstract length: 350 words or fewer (The abstract must not be structured into separate sections).

Article length: 6000 words or fewer + figures/tables/photo.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Research Highlights

It is by invitation only. It is kind of brief review focusing on the paper of exceptional significance written by the same author. It would be better that the research highlight can be combined with proceedings of the author research.

Abstract length: 350 words or fewer (the abstract must not be structured into separate sections).

Article length: 5000 words or fewer.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Original Articles

It is a substantial novel research study, with a complex story often involving several techniques or approaches.

Abstract length: 350 words or fewer (the abstract must not be structured into separate sections).

Article length: 8000 words or fewer.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Reviews

It is an authoritative, balanced and scholarly survey of recent developments in a research field.

Abstract length: 350 words or fewer (the abstract must not be structured into separate sections).

Article length: 20000 words or fewer.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Case Reports and Clinical Trials

It highlights unique presentations or aspects of disease processes that may expand the differential diagnosis and improve patient care.

Abstract length: 200 words or fewer (the abstract must not be structured into separate sections).

Article length: 6000 words or fewer + figure/photo

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

History and Science

It deals with relevant aspects of science development within the history of Sciences, and its relationships regarding current approaches.

Abstract length: 350 words or fewer (the abstract must not be structured into separate sections).

Article length: 20000 words or fewer.

Checked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Checked Peer Reviewed

Info

Editorial submission pertain to the responsibility of the Editor and associated Editors.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed

Books

Editorial submission pertain to the responsibility of the Editor and associated Editors.

Unchecked Open Submissions Checked Indexed Unchecked Peer Reviewed
 

Peer Review Process

ORGANISMS  has enlisted the services of an Editorial Board with broad expertise in many relevant research areas, but will also solicit the help of other specialists as required. Each member of the Board is involved with strong research programs into many aspects of normal and/or pathological inflammation, and will make every effort to fulfil the mandate of the journal. The Board promise to conduct and facilitate unbiased and critical reviews of manuscripts and will strive to expedite the communication of work that is original, scientifically sound and thought provoking.

Every proposal submitted for publication is read at least by an editor, for an initial review. If the paper agrees with editorial policies and with a minimum quality level, is sent to the reviewer for evaluation. Organisms uses a blind peer review.

The peer-review process is managed with the OJS platform.

 

Publication Frequency

This journal is published 2 times per year.

 

Open Access Policy

This journal provides immediate open access to its content on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.

Authors of articles published in the Journal of ORGANISMS retain the copyright of their articles. Author can archive pre-print, post-print, and publisher's versions.

ORGANISMS is published under a Creative Commons Attribution Licence 3.0.

With the licence CC-BY, authors retain the copyright, allowing anyone to download, reuse, re-print, modify, distribute and/or copy their contribution. The work must be properly attributed to its author.

 

 

Ethics and Disclosures

The journal is committed to maintaining the highest level of integrity in the content published. All research must have been carried out within an appropriate ethical framework. If there is suspicion that work has not taken place within an appropriate ethical framework, Editors will follow the COPE guidelines and may reject the manuscript, and/or contact the author(s)’ institution or ethics committee.

 

Research involving animals or human subjects, human material, or human data

Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki and must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee. A statement detailing this, including the name of the ethics committee and the reference number where appropriate, must appear in all manuscripts reporting such research. If a study has been granted an exemption from requiring ethics approval, this should also be detailed in the manuscript (including the name of the ethics committee that granted the exemption). Further information and documentation to support this should be made available to Editors on request. Manuscripts may be rejected if the Editor considers that the research has not been carried out within an appropriate ethical framework. In rare cases, Editors may contact the ethics committee for further information.

When reporting experiments on animals, authors should indicate whether the institutional and national guide for the care and use of laboratory animals was followed. [International Committee of Medical Journal Editors ("Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biomedical Journals") February 2006].

 

Language editing support

Organisms requires manuscripts submitted to meet international standards fo English language to be considered for pubblication.

For authors who would like their manuscripts to receive language editing or proofing to improve the clarity of the manuscript and help highlight their research, Frontiers recommends the language-editing service provided by our external partner Dr. Karen Margaret McPherson, who has a long standing track record in language editing. This is a third-party service for which Organisms authors will receive a discount by directly writing to the following address: karembo@yahoo.com.

Note that sending your manuscript for language editing does not imply or guarantee thet it will be accepted for pubblication by Organisms journal. Editorial decisions on the scientific content of a manuscript are independent of whether it has received language editing or proofing by Dr. Karen Margaret McPherson, or other services.

 

FOREWORD

“He who loves practice without theory is like the sailor who boards ship without a rudder and compass and never knows where he is going”. 

(Leonardo da Vinci)

At the beginning of the 21st century, biology is facing an epistemological crisis which anticipates a paradigm change. Reductionism and the molecular analysis it favors have failed to bring about an understanding of complex phenomena in biology. This will require a reappraisal of old research concepts. The dominant view during the last fifty years has been that development is merely the unfolding of a genetic program.

This perception is now being challenged by the resurgence of the once prominent fields of biological inquiry, namely, ecological and evolutionary developmental biology. However, these efforts remain few and far between because they are diluted by a sea of publications still based on reductionist interpretations. Meanwhile, there is no source explicitly committed to a perspective centered on organisms. Thus, there is a need for a journal dedicated to high quality theoretical and experimental work while promoting an interdisciplinary approach to the main topics in biology. We expect that “ORGANISMS” will fill this gap by addressing biological questions from perspectives different from the currently prevalent one.

The philosopher Kant stated that in organisms "every part is thought as owing its presence to the agency of all the remaining parts, and also as existing for the sake of the others and of the whole". This conception of organisms is as central to biology today as it was when it inspired generations of embryologists, the ones invoked when referring to Müllerian ducts, germ layers, and notochord. From this perspective, the causal determination of biological phenomena is not exclusively bottom-up; the agency of each part implies a complex and reciprocal structure of determination. Research programs based on the ideas advanced by those who favored the molecular biology revolution have unintentionally shown that organisms cannot be analyzed only in terms of genes and molecules. This statement will not surprise physicists, because they do not intend to reduce one theory onto another, say classical or relativistic physics to quantum mechanics. Instead, they strive for unifications, that is, for a new theory encompassing two or more theoretical frames. And yet, mainstream biologists are still committed to uncovering the molecular mechanisms that according to reductionism will provide an explanation to every biological phenomenon. The technological improvements conceived to address mechanisms have generated an avalanche of data but biologists neither have the theoretical bases nor an adequate language to make sense of them, particularly when trying to explain the advent of new functions, the generation of shapes (morphogenesis), or the ability of the organism to create its own rules. We acknowledge that the language generated by the molecular biology revolution, namely the concepts of information, program, signal, is theoretically laden forcing causal analysis toward molecules supposed to carry information, such as genes and their products. This structure of determination is inimical to the study of organisms. Consequently, a change of theoretical frame will also require that biologists elaborate a different language, free of these connotations.

Finally, this journal is neither married to a theory nor does it represent the view of a particular group. Its purpose is to encourage researchers to submit manuscripts that a) make explicit the postulates, principles and perspectives that form the conceptual framework of their research subjects, b) foster theoretical and experimental work in the vast field of biology, and c) promote the salutary effect of “friction” between theory and experiment.

 

Ahead of Printing

Organisms publishes Ahead of Printing articles, that come online before they appear in a regular issue of the journal. Ahead of Printing articles are copy edited, typeset and approved by the author before being published.

Each Ahead of Printing article has a unique Digital Object Identifier (DOI). This should be included in all citations.

Plese, use this citation format:

Before the article has appeared in an issue
Lazebnik, Y, 2018, “Who is Dr. Frankenstein? Or, what Professor Hayek and his friends have done to science”, Organisms. Journal of Biological Sciences, Ahead of Printing (November 2018), DOI: 10.13133/2532-5876_XXX


After the article has appeared in an issue
Lazebnik, Y, 2018, “Who is Dr. Frankenstein? Or, what Professor Hayek and his friends have done to science”, Organisms. Journal of Biological Sciences, Vol.2, No.2, pp. xx_xx, DOI: 10.13133/2532-5876_XXX