Beyond dichotomies, in the search for a democratic dialogue toward social-ecological care: Lessons from the Simeto River Agreement in Sicily, IT

Giusy Pappalardo, Filippo Gravagno

Abstract


In contemporary societies, environmental and social crises arise as two faces of the same coin, in concert with the crisis of current democratic systems. Innovative forms of democratic governance are needed for facing these crises. This requires the search for a common path between self-organized communities and institutions toward more responsible and effective actions for taking care of social ecological systems. How can this be done, in contexts where communities and institutions do not have a strong background of collaborative practices? This paper reflects on a process that has been set up since 2008 by the XXXX of the University of XXXXX and developed thanks to a specific approach to the institutional academic Third Mission, inspired by the paradigms of action research. The process has been conducted through a long-term university-community partnership. Regardless of various phases of conflict, the partnership built a dialogical relationship with institutions at various levels, ending up in 2015 in an ongoing experiment, the Simeto River Agreement, in Eastern Sicily, IT. 

 

Nelle società contemporanee, le crisi ambientali e sociali possono essere lette come due facce della stessa medaglia, in relazione con la crisi degli ordinamenti democratici attuali. Per superare tale condizione, è oggi necessario sperimentare nuove forme di governance basate su percorsi condivisi tra comunità auto-organizzate e istituzioni per produrre azioni responsabili ed efficaci nella tutela dei socio-ecosistemi. Come far sì che ciò accada, in contesti dove comunità e istituzioni non hanno alle spalle un'attitudine consolidata a intraprendere percorsi collaborativi? Il paper propone alcune riflessioni che emergono da un processo avviato nel 2008 dal XXXXX dell'Università di XXXX e alimentato mediante uno specifico approccio alla Terza Missione universitaria, ispirato ai paradigmi della ricerca azione. Il processo è stato condotto attraverso una partnership di lungo termine con la comunità della Valle del Simeto (Sicilia Orientale). Nonostante diverse fasi di conflitto, la partnership ha costruito una relazione dialogica con le istituzioni – a vari livelli – esitando nel 2015 in una sperimentazione in corso, il Patto di Fiume Simeto.


Parole chiave


Democratic governance, Self-organized communities, Third Mission of Universities (Governance democratica, Comunità auto-organizzate, Terza Missione Universitaria)

Full Text

PDF (English)

Riferimenti bibliografici


Agyeman J., & Angus B. (2003). «The role of civic environmentalism in the pursuit of sustainable communities». Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 46(3), 345-363. Doi: 10.1080/0964056032000096901

Agyeman J., Bullard R. D., Evans B. (eds. 2003). Just sustainabilities: Development in an unequal world. MIT press.

Alfasi N., Portugali J. (2004). «Planning just-in-time versus planning just-in-case. Cities, 21(1), 29- 39. Doi: 10.1016/j.cities.2003.10.007

Bastiani M. (2011). Contratti di fiume. Pianificazione strategica e partecipata dei bacini idrografici. Palermo: Dario Flaccovio.

Beck U. (1992). Risk society: Towards a new modernity. Sage.

Boonstra B., (2015). Planning Strategies in an Age of Active Citizenship: A post-structuralist agenda for self-organization in spatial planning. InPlanning. Available at https://biblio.ugent.be/publication/7257558/file/7257768. Last access: May 23rd, 2018

Cooper D. (2009). «University-Civil Society (U-CS) research relationships: The importance of a ‘fourth helix’ alongside the ‘triple helix’ of University-Industry-Government (UIG) relations». South African Review of Sociology, 40(2), 153-180. Doi: 10.1080/21528586.2009.10425106

De Sousa Santos, Boaventura (2009). Democratizar a democracia: os caminhos da democracia participativa. Rio de Janeiro: Civilização Brasileira.

Dolci D. (1996). La struttura maieutica e l'evolverci. Firenze: La Nuova Italia Editrice.

Freire P. (1970). Pedagogy of the oppressed. New York: Continuum

Fischer F. (2000). Citizens, experts, and the environment: The politics of local knowledge. Duke University Press.

Forester J. (2009). Dealing with differences: Dramas of mediating public disputes. Oxford University Press.

Given L. M. (ed. 2008). The Sage encyclopedia of qualitative research methods. Sage Publications.

XXXXX (2011)

Gunderson L. H. (2001). Panarchy: understanding transformations in human and natural systems. Island Press.

Harvey D., Braun B. (1996). Justice, nature and the geography of difference. Blackwell.

Healey P. (1997). Collaborative planning: Shaping places in fragmented societies. UBC Press.

Healey P. (2003). «Collaborative planning in perspective». Planning theory, 2(2), 101-123. Doi: 10.1177/14730952030022002

Holling C. S., Gunderson L. H., Light S. (1995). Barriers and Bridges to the Renewal of Ecosystems. New York: Columbia University Press

Klein N. (2017). No Is Not Enough: Resisting Trump's Shock Politics and Winning the World We Need. Chicago: Haymarket Books

Inman P., Schütze H. G. (eds. 2010). The community engagement and service mission of universities. Leicester: NIACE.

Innes J.E., Booher D.E., Di Vittorio S., (2010). «Strategies for megaregion governance: Collaborative dialogue, networks, and self-organization». Journal of the American planning association, 77(1), pp.55-67. Available at: http://hdl.handle.net/10419/59402. Last access: May 23rd, 2018

Leydesdorff L., Etzkowitz H. (1996). «Emergence of a Triple Helix of university—industry— government relations». Science and public policy, 23(5), 279-286. Doi: 10.1093/spp/23.5.279

Martinez-Alier J., (2003). The Environmentalism of the poor: a study of ecological conflicts and valuation. Edward Elgar Publishing.

Mathews F. D. (2014). The ecology of democracy: Finding ways to have a stronger hand in shaping our future. Kettering Foundation Press.

Micarelli R., Pizziolo G. (2012). «The experiences of landscape social perception as a remedy for plunging into virtual reality». Informatica, 36(2). Available at http://www.informatica.si/index.php/informatica/article/viewFile/396/397. Last access: March 15th, 2017

Olsson P., Gunderson L., Carpenter S., Ryan P., Lebel L., Folke C., Holling C. S., (2006). «Shooting the rapids: navigating transitions to adaptive governance of social-ecological systems». Ecology and society, 11(1). Available at http://www.jstor.org/stable/26267806. Last access: March 15th, 2017

Ostrom E. (1990). Governing the commons: The evolution of institutions for collective action. Cambridge University Press.

Ostrom E. (2010). «The Challenge of Self-Governance in Complex Contemporary Environments», The Journal of Speculative Philosophy, 24(4), pp.316–332.

Pahl-Wostl C. (2002). «Towards sustainability in the water sector–The importance of human actors and processes of social learning». Aquatic Sciences-Research Across Boundaries, 64(4), 394-411. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/PL00012594

Pappalardo G. (2015). «Maieutic research and education in distressed social-ecological systems. Lessons from the state named after the Great River, Mississippi, USA», Revista Movimentos Sociais e Dinâmicas Espaciais, 4(2), 155-183. Available at https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/articulo?codigo=5842627. Last access: May 30th, 2018

XXXX (2016)

Pizziolo G., Micarelli R., Behbehani H. (2003). «A hypothesis of research for landscapes in a state of transition». WIT Transactions on Ecology and the Environment, 64. Doi: 10.2495/ECO030112

Reardon K. M. (1998). «Participatory action research as service learning». New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 1998(73), 57-64. Doi: 10.1002/tl.7307

Reardon K. M. (2005). «Empowerment planning in East St. Louis, Illinois: A peoples’ response to the deindustrialization blues». City, 9(1), 85-100. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/13604810500128629

Reason P., Bradbury H. (Eds. 2001). Handbook of action research: Participative inquiry and practice. Sage.

Saija L., Gravagno F. (2009). «Can participatory action research deal with the Mafia? A lesson from the field». Planning Theory & Practice, 10(4), 499-518. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/14649350903417357

Saija L. (2014). «Proactive conservancy in a contested milieu: from social mobilisation to community-led resource management in the Simeto Valley». Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 57(1), 27-49. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/09640568.2012.735198

Saija L. (2014). «Writing about engaged scholarship: Misunderstandings and the meaning of 'quality' in action research publications». Planning Theory & Practice, 15(2), 187-201. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/14649357.2014.904922

Saija L. (2017). La ricerca-azione in pianificazione territoriale e urbanistica. Franco Angeli.

Saija L., De Leo D., Forester J., Pappalardo G., Rocha I., Sletto, B., ... Magnaghi A. (2017). «Learning from practice: environmental and community mapping as participatory action research in planning». Planning Theory & Practice, 18(1), 127-153. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1080/14649357.2016.1262982

Smith G. (2009). Democratic Innovations. Designing Institutions for Citizen Participation. Cambridge University Press.

Van Meerkerk I., Boonstra B., Edelenbos J., (2013). «Self-organization in urban regeneration: A two-case comparative research». European Planning Studies, 21(10), pp.1630-1652. Doi: 10.1080/09654313.2012.722963

Whyte W. F. (1997). Creative problem solving in the field: Reflections on a career. Rowman Altamira.

Yiftachel O. (1998). «Planning and social control: Exploring the dark side». Journal of planning literature, 12(4), 395-406. Doi: 10.1177/088541229801200401




DOI: https://doi.org/10.13133/2532-6562_2.3.14274

Refback

  • Non ci sono refbacks, per ora.


Copyright (c) 2018 Giusy Pappalardo, Filippo Gravagno



TU Tracce Urbane - Rivista Italiana Transdisciplinare di Studi Urbani - Italian Journal of Urban Studies. Rivista telematica scientifica della Sapienza Università di Roma registrata presso il Tribunale civile di Roma n 77 del 2017. ISSN: 2532-6562