Exception and resistance in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro

Roberto Malighetti

Abstract


The articulation between basic material restrictions, the implementation of special public policies, the criminalization of territories, the demonization of poverty, and violence exerted by armed forces contribute to the ‘apartheidisation’ of favelas and to their definition as territories of exception. The state of exception mediates the relationship between the favela and the asphalt, the inside and the outside, the center and the margins, between a sense of belonging and extraneousness. It is sustained by a peculiar iconism that ascribes the favelas the epicentrality of forms of criminality and social deviance that are sought to be contained and administered. By operating through policies of inclusive exclusion (Agamben 1995: 26), the state of exception culturally shapes the favelas on the base of apologetic expressions that are functional to the exercise of governance: it yields to the centralized control of the state the management of contradictions, thus reproducing the racism-oriented devices discussed by Michel Foucault (Foucault 1976). 


Parole chiave


resistance; public space; Rio de Janeiro

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Riferimenti bibliografici


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13133/2532-6562_3.5.14559

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TU Tracce Urbane - Rivista Italiana Transdisciplinare di Studi Urbani - Italian Journal of Urban Studies. Rivista telematica scientifica della Sapienza Università di Roma registrata presso il Tribunale civile di Roma n 77 del 2017. ISSN: 2532-6562