Economia irregolare, criminalità e disuguaglianza dei redditi: un circolo vizioso?

Fabio Clementi, Enzo Valentini

Abstract


Questo lavoro analizza il possibile legame in Italia tra la disuguaglianza dei redditi e il livello di illegalità presente in due ambiti della vita sociale ed economica (omicidi e lavoro irregolare). I risultati di un’analisi econometrica a livello regionale mostrano che la presenza di lavoro irregolare e di un elevato tasso di omicidi è responsabile di una diminuzione complessiva del reddito, particolarmente pronunciata per i redditi bassi, con inevitabile aumento della disuguaglianza.

This paper analyses the possible link between income inequality and the level of illegality present in two areas of social and economic life (homicides and irregular work) in Italy. The results of an econometric analysis at the regional level show that the presence of irregular work and a high rate of homicides are responsible for an overall decrease in income, which is particularly pronounced for low incomes, leading to an increase in inequality.

JEL codes: D31, J01, K4

Keywords: income inequality, irregular economy, crime, Italy

 


Parole chiave


income inequality; irregular economy; crime; Italy

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.13133/2037-3651_71.284_2

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Reg. Tribunale di Roma n.377/2009 del 19/11/2009