La destra populista in Europa: una prospettiva economica

Fabrizio Botti, Marcella Corsi

Abstract


L’analisi economica dei fattori alla base della domanda elettorale di populismo è ancora a uno stadio iniziale, nonostante i significativi progressi determinati da un numero crescente di studi. In questo lavoro ci proponiamo di fornire una prima rassegna dei contributi chiave forniti dalla letteratura economica sul populismo e di analizzare, tramite una analisi multidimensionale, le principali caratteristiche del profilo dell’elettore populista, alla luce delle opinioni pubbliche fornite dall’indagine Eurobarometro nel 2017.

The economic analysis of the factors underlying the electoral demand for populism is still at an early stage, despite the significant progress made by a growing number of studies. In this paper we aim to provide a first overview of the key contributions by the economic literature on populism, and to analyze, through a multidimensional analysis, the main characteristics of the populist voter profile, in light of the public opinions provided by the Eurobarometer survey in 2017.

Jel Codes: D72, E44, G01


Parole chiave


Populism, Nationalism, Europe

Full Text

PDF

Riferimenti bibliografici


Algan Y., Guriev S., Papaioannou E., Passari E. (2017), “The European Trust Crisis and the Rise of Populism, CEPR Discussion Papers, n. 12444, Londra: Centre for Economic Policy Research.

Antonucci L., Horvath L., Klouwer A., D’Ippoliti C. (2019), “What’s work got to do with it? How radical and mainstream party support is linked to feelings of labour market insecurity”, mimeo.

Binswanger J., Prüfer J. (2012), “Democracy, populism, and (un)bounded rationality”, European Journal of Political Economy, 28 (3), pp. 358-372.

Botti F., Corsi M., Zacchia G. (2018), “The Role of Gender in the Rise of Right-Wing and Populist Movements in Europe”, presentato al Minerva Project 2018 Colloquium: Rethinking gender equity in Europe, 23 novembre, Brussels.

Campante F., Ferreira F. (2007), “Inefficient lobbying, populism and oligarchy”, Journal of Public Economics, 91 (5-6), pp. 993-1021.

Colantone I, Stanig P. (2018), “The Trade Origins of Economic Nationalism: Import Competition and Voting Behaviour in Western Europe”, American Journal of Political Science, 62, pp. 936-953.

Di Tella R., Rotemberg J. (2016), “Populism and the Return of the ‘Paranoid Style’: Some Evidence and a Simple Model of Demand for Incompetence as Insurance against Elite Betrayal”, Harvard Business School Working Paper, n. 17-056, Cambridge (MA): Harvard Business School.

Dovis A., Golosov M., Shourideh A. (2016), “Political Economy of Sovereign Debt: A Theory of Cycles of Populism and Austerity”, NBER Working Paper, n. 21948, Cambridge (MA): National Bureau of Economic Research.

Drometer M. (2006), “Hyperbolic Discounting and Politics: The beneficial effects of bureaucrats”, Working Papers, n. 008, Monaco: Bavarian Graduate Program in Economics.

Eichengreen B. (2018), The Populist Temptation. Economic Grievance and Political Reaction in the Modern Era, New York: Oxford University Press.

Fernandez R. (2015), “Populismo Racional”, Documentos de Trabajo UCEMA, n. 567, Buenos Aires: Universidad del CEMA.

Fetzer T. (2018), “Did Austerity Cause Brexit?”, CESifo Working Paper Series, n. 7159, Monaco: ifo Institute and Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität.

Gidron N., Hall P.A. (2017), “The politics of social status: economic and cultural roots of the populist right”, The British Journal of Sociology, 68, pp. S57-S84.

Glaeser E. (2005), “The Political Economy of Hatred”, Quarterly Journal of Economics, 120 (1), pp. 45-86.

Guiso L., Herrera H., Morelli M. e Sonno T. (2017), “Demand and Supply of Populism”, CEPR Discussion Papers, n. 11871, Londra: Centre for Economic Policy Research..

Hatton T. (2016), “Immigration, public opinion and the recession in Europe”, Economic Policy, 31 (86), pp. 205–246.

Ivarsflaten E. (2005), “The vulnerable populist right parties: no economic realignment fuelling their electoral success”, European Journal of Political Research, 44 (3), pp. 465-492.

Ivarsflaten E. (2008), “What unites right-wing populists in Western Europe? Re-examining grievance mobilization models in seven successful cases”, Comparative Political Studies, 41 (1), pp. 3–23.

Jennings C., (2011), “The Good, the Bad and the Populist: A Model of Political Agency with Emotional Voters”, European Journal of Political Economy, 27 (4), pp. 611-624.

Kaltwasser C.R., Taggart P., Ochoa Espejo P., Ostiguy P. (2017), The Oxford Handbook of Populism, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Kitschelt H., McGann A. (1995), The Radical Right in Western Europe: A Comparative Analysis, Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press.

Maskin E., Tirole J. (2004), “The Politician and the Judge: Accountability in Government”, American Economic Review, 94 (4), pp. 1034-1054.

Mudde C. (2004), “The Populist Zeitgeist”, Government and Opposition, 39 (4), pp. 541-563.

Mudde C. (2007), Populist Radical Right Parties in Europe, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Mudde C. (2016) The Populist Radical Right: A Reader. London: Taylor & Francis.

Mudde C. (2017), “Populism: An ideational approach”, in Kaltwasser C.R., Taggart P., Ochoa Espejo P., Ostiguy P. (2017), The Oxford Handbook of Populism, Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Norris P. (2005), Radical Right: Voters and Parties in the Electoral Market, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ocampo E. (2019), “The Economic Analysis of Populism: A Selective Review of the Literature, Documentos de Trabajo UCEMA, n. 694, Buenos Aires: Universidad del CEMA.

Pástor L., Veronesi P. (2018), “Inequality Aversion, Populism, and the Backlash Against Globalization”, Working Paper, n. 2018-53, Chicago: Gary Becker Milton Friedman Institute.

Piketty T. (2018), “Brahmin Left vs. Merchant Right: Rising Inequality and the Changing Structure of Political Conflict, Evidence from France & the US, 1948-2017”, Working Paper, n. 2018/7, Parigi: World Inequality Database.

Prato C., Wolton S. (2018), “Rational Ignorance, Populism, and Reform”, European Journal of Political Economy, 55, pp. 119-135.

Rodrik D. (2017), “Populism and the economics of globalization”, NBER Working Papers, n. 23559, Cambridge (MA): National Bureau of Economic Research.

Rodrik D. (2018), “Is Populism Necessarily Bad Economics?”, mimeo.

Spierings N., Zaslove A. (2015), “Gendering the Vote for Populist Radical-right Parties”, Patterns of Prejudice, 49 (1-2), pp. 135-162.

Spierings N., Zaslove A., Mügge L., de Lange S. (2015), “Gender and Populist Radical-right Politics: An Introduction”, Patterns of Prejudice, 49 (1-2), pp. 3-15.

Sylos Labini P. (1987), Le classi sociali negli anni ‘80, Bari: Laterza.

Van Kessel S. (2015), Populist Parties in Europe: Agents of Discontent?, Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Voss D. (2018), “The Political Economy of European Populism: Labour Market Dualisation and Protest Voting in Germany and Spain”, LSE “Europe in Question” Discussion Paper Series, n. 132, Londra: London School of Economics.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.13133/2037-3651_72.286_4

Refback

  • Non ci sono refbacks, per ora.


Copyright (c) 2019 Fabrizio Botti, Marcella Corsi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.

 

Con il contributo di  

ISSN 2037-3651

Reg. Tribunale di Roma n.377/2009 del 19/11/2009