Emilio Colombo: aspetti del pensiero e momenti dell’azione politica europea

Maria Grazia Melchionni


MARIA GRAZIA MELCHIONNI, Emilio Colombo: aspetti del pensiero e momenti dell’azione politica europeaThis article reproduces, with some more details, the story told to Alessandra Peralta, film maker at Rai Educational, by Maria Grazia Melchionni on November 27, 2010 in Rome. It aims at showing how Emilio Colombo, who has been a protagonist on the European scene for more than thirty years – either as Minister of Agriculture, Minister of Industry and External Commerce, Minister of Foreign Affairs, Minister of Treasury, President of the Council of the Italian Republic, either as member of the Monnet Committee and President of the European Parliament –, contributed to building a united Europe. His conception of Europe appears to have been very similar to that of the Founding Fathers, particularly of his master of Europe Jean Monnet with whom he kept in friendly and respectfully for many years. In several of the remarkable events that shaped European integration’s history Colombo played a prominent role, which is precisely reconstructed in this article as far as concerning the negotiations for the Common Agricultural Policy, the ‘empty chair’ crisis, the Colombo-Genscher Act and the Declaration of the Nine on the Middle East, issued at Venice on June13, 1980, thanks also to number of oral history sources.

L’article reproduit, avec quelques précisions, le récit fait à Rome, le 27 Novembre 2010, à Alessandra Peralta, cinéaste à Rai Educational, par Maria Grazia Melchionni. Il vise à mettre en évidence la contribution donnée à la construction d’une Europe unie par Emilio Colombo, qui fut pendant plus de trente ans un acteur majeur sur la scène européenne soit en tant que ministre de l’Agriculture, ministre de l’Industrie et du Commerce extérieur, ministre des Affaires Étrangères, ministre du Trésor, président du Conseil de la République italienne, soit en tant que membre du Comité Monnet et en tant que président du Parlement européen. On y montre l’affinité de l’idée européenne de Colombo avec celle des Pères fondateurs, en particulier de Jean Monnet avec lequel Colombo entretint des rapports suivis très amicales. Et, grâce aussi à des nombreuses sources orales, on reconstitue son rôle par rapport à des événements marquants de l’histoire européenne: la négociation de la Politique agricole commune, la crise dite de la chaise vide, l’Acte Colombo-Genscher, la Déclaration des Neuf sur le Moyen Orient faite à Venise le 13 Juin 1980.PAROLE CHIAVE: Negoziati Pac; Crisi della sedia vuota; Relazioni Monnet-Colombo; Atto Colombo-Genscher; Dichiarazione sul Medio Oriente di Venezia.

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